Autor Tema: Subjunctive  (Pročitano 4413 puta)

hprodigy

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Subjunctive
« poslato: Septembar 26, 2013, 03:35:42 posle podne »
Jel moze neko da mi objasni sta je u engleskom Subjunctive,konkretnije past subjunctive?
Ima u knjigama al mi treba nesto prostije objasnjeno,onako srpski :)

Dragonfly

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Odg: Subjunctive
« Odgovor #1 poslato: Septembar 26, 2013, 09:14:33 posle podne »
Hmm,pazi ovako,malo je zeznuto
PAST SUBJUNCTIVE
Zovemo ga WERE SUBJUNCTIVE.
(to se odnosi samo na to be glagole znaci)
Znacenje- non-factual and/or hypothetical meaning(hipoteticko znacenje)
HYPOTHETICAL CONDITIONAL CLAUSES:
–   If I were you, I wouldn’t do it.
CLAUSES OF HYPOTHETICAL COMPARISON:
–   He treats her, as if she were her boss.
CLAUSES EXPRESSING WISHES:
–   If only she were here.
OTHER HYPOTHETICAL EXPRESSIONS:
–   Imagine we were as rich as Bill Gates.
•   How do we use PAST TENSE FORMS to express HYPOTHETICAL MEANING:
I wish I knew the secret of wealth and happiness.
–   If only we had more time.
–   I wish you had warned me about the faulty brakes before I took the car for a spin.
•   WHAT ARE THE RULES?
–   PAST SIMPLE TENSE – hypothetical meaning referring to the present
–   PAST PERFECT TENSE  -hypothetical meaning referring to the past
–   WHAT ABOUT THE FUTURE?
–   WOULD + BASE FORM, e.g. I wish you would buy a new oven.